Unit 48: PROPER NOUNS & VERBAL NOUNS
These nouns usually have only one form. Proper nouns are either singular or plural; verbal nouns are mass noun (Unit 47)
Proper nounsThese are names for a particular person (John) or thing (Toyota) or place (Rome) or time (May).
They begin with a CAPITAL LETTERMr. and Mrs. Smith, Prime Minister Harper, Africa, Independence Day
Normally, we do not use the. We say:Maria Not the Maria
Tokyo Not the Tokyo
Pearson Airport Not the Pearson
January Not the January
PLURALS: the Queen Charlotte Islands, the Badlands
RIVERS AND SEAS: the Indian Ocean, the Nile
FAMOUS BUILDINGS: the Acropolis, the Louvre
NAMES WITH OF: the King of Spain, the House of Commons
Verbal nounsThese are the -ing form of the verb (Unit 14) used as a noun.
AS THE SUBJECT
Smoking is bad for you.
AS PART OF THE SUBJECT
Travelling by plane makes me nervous.
He doesn't mind working at night.
Would you mind leaving now? (A polite command.)
I'll do the washing and you do the cooking.
Let's go shopping. (A suggestion.)
My car keeps stopping.
I remember locking the door. (I remember that I did this.)
BUT I'll remember to lock the door. (I won't forget to do it.)
I like listening to music. (Generally.)
BUT I would like to listen to some music. (now)
He stopped talking. (He was talking; then he stopped.)
BUT He stopped to talk. (He was doing something; then he stopped because he wanted to talk.)
How about phoning John. (A suggestion.)
He's no good at driving.
Why don't we walk instead of going by car? (A suggestion.)