Unit 45: NOUNS & NOUN PHRASES
A noun is a word for something in the world. It can describe a person (teacher), a thing (desk), a place (school), a time (year), a feeling (fear), an action (reply) or an event (lesson).
FormEnglish nouns have very few forms. There are only two numbers: singular (one) and plural (two or more). It does not matter how we use a noun in a sentence; the form is usually the same. The form is sometimes different only with the genitive (Unit 49).
ORDINARY [S] girl [P] girls
GENITIVE [S] girl's [P] girls'
NOTICE:The pronunciation of girls, girl's and girls' is exactly the same.
Types of noun
PROPER NOUNS (Unit 48) are names.
EXAMPLES: John, Paris
MASS NOUNS (Unit 47) have only one form.
EXAMPLES: time, water
Noun phrasesA noun phrase can be:
- a noun or pronoun (Unit 50) alone,
for example: girl - her
- a group of words with a noun in it,
for example: the table - some of the tables
the big one - both the big tables
In every noun phrase, one noun (or pronoun) is the most important word. The other words 'belong' to it and give more information about it. You can learn about these other words in Units 51-60.